My Best Travel

My Best Travel

Month: February 2021

Tourism in Ukraine

Tourism in Ukraine

Tourist places in Ukraine

 

It is the second largest country in Eastern Europe. It is bordered by the Russian Federation to the east, Belarus to the north, Poland, Slovakia and Hungary to the west, Romania and Moldova to the southwest, and the Black Sea and the Sea of ​​Azov to the south.

Ukraine is a unitary state consisting of 24 oblasts (provinces), and two cities have a special status: Kiev, the capital, and Sevastopol, which includes the Russian Black Sea Fleet according to a lease agreement.

Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, Ukraine has had the second largest army in Europe, after Russia. 42.7 million people live in the country – after the country witnessed a separatist trend in the Donetsk and Luhansk regions, and the people of the Crimea chose to join the Russian Federation Ukrainian language is the only official language in Ukraine, while Russian is widely used. The predominant religion in the country is Eastern Orthodox Christianity, which has greatly influenced Ukrainian architecture, literature and music.

 

Culture and history of Ukraine
Ukrainian traditions are greatly influenced by Christianity, which is the predominant religion in the country. The role of gender also tends to be more traditional, and grandparents play a greater role in raising children than in the West. Culture in Ukraine has also been influenced by its eastern and western neighbors, which is reflected in its architecture, music and art.
The communist era had a strong influence on art and writing in Ukraine. In 1932, Stalin introduced realist socialist state policy in the Soviet Union when he issued the Decree “Restructuring Literary and Artistic Organizations”. Which stifled creativity to a large extent. Glasnost (openness) emerged in the 1980s which allowed Soviet writers and artists to freely express themselves as they wanted.

Before traveling to Ukraine
Kiev is one of the most important tourist cities in Ukraine, and the airport there, which is Kiev International Airport, is the most important airport in which travelers arriving for tourism in Ukraine land.

Traveling to Ukraine requires obtaining a Ukrainian tourist visa (visa), and you can refer to the Ukrainian embassy in your country to request it, as the Ukraine visa enables you to stay in the country for a period not exceeding 90 days.

The official currency in Ukraine is Ukrainian hryvnia, and the official language is Ukrainian, followed by the Russian language. It is noticeable that the English language is commonly used among young people.

The cost of tourism in Ukraine is considered average, as Ukraine’s markets are characterized by cheapness, while you can search for places of economic accommodation with good services at the same time.

As for transportation, you can use public transportation systems such as trains and buses, as in some cities there is a metro service and others depend on the tram and bus systems.

Best times to travel to Ukraine
The period from April to October is considered the best for visiting Ukraine, especially cities such as Odessa and its vicinity

 

 

Sufficient time for tourism in Ukraine
A week is sufficient for tourism in Ukraine and visiting the most important tourist attractions in Ukraine.

Reasons to experience tourism in Ukraine
The beautiful landscapes of the reasons will push you to travel and tourism in Ukraine
Low prices are one of the reasons that will push you to travel and tourism in Ukraine
Great food is one of the reasons that will prompt you to visit Ukraine
Historical and cultural sightseeing of Ukraine
The intelligent nature of the Ukrainian people
How Ukrainians choose their heroes and ideals
Buildings with a unique urban style in the cities of Ukraine
The story of the country itself will lead you to travel to Ukraine
Various activities that you can enjoy during your trip to Ukraine

Tourism in Estonia

Tourism in Estonia

General information about Estonia

It is a country located in the Baltic Sea region in northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland, on the west by the Baltic Sea, to the south by Latvia, and to the east by Lake Peipus and the Russian Federation.

Officially called the Republic of Estonia, Estonia is named after the Roman writer Tacitus, as in his book Germania he described a group of people called Assiti, in the ancient Norse sagas, referring to a country called Acetland.

Estonia’s climate is influenced by its geographical location. It is located in the Mixed Forest, a sub-region of the Atlantic continental zone, which in turn belongs to the temperate regions. It is also located on a transitional zone between the influence of a coastal climate and a continental climate. [16] According to the climatic classification called the Köppen classification, the western part of Estonia falls within a coastal climate zone with mild winters, while the eastern part of the country is within the range of a continental and humid climate with severe winters.

 

 

 

Culture and history in Estonia

Human settlement in Estonia became possible about 11,000 to 13,000 years ago, when the ice from the last ice age melted. The oldest humane colonization of Estonia was the colonization of the Puli, which was on the banks of the Pärnu River, near the town of Sindy, in the southwest of Estonia. According to the Chronicle, decolonization took place about 11,000 years ago, at the beginning of the ninth millennium BC.
Evidence of hunting and fishing communities was found around 6500 BC near the town of Cunda in northern Estonia. Handicraft of bone and stone similar to those found in Cunda are also found elsewhere in Estonia, as well as in Latvia, northern Lithuania and southern Finland. The kunda culture belongs to the middle stone age.
The end of the Bronze Age and the beginning of the Iron Age were marked by major cultural changes. The biggest change that happened was the move to agriculture, which remained the core of culture and economy. Between the fifth and first centuries AD, home farming was widely established, the population increased and colonialism expanded. There were cultural influences of Estonia coming from the Roman Empire.

 

Estonia has been an important transit center since the medieval period. The country’s favorable geographical location, along with its developing infrastructure, provides good opportunities for all transportation and logistical related activities. Rail transport dominates the freight sector, carrying 70% of all goods, both domestic and international.
The road transport sector dominates the passenger transport, nearly 90% of all travelers travel by land. The rebuilding of the Tallinn-Tartu motorway has gained national attention as it connects two of the largest cities in the country. Reconstruction of highways (2 + 2 road) is part of the current coalition government program. Also the proposed permanent connection to Saaremaa Island is in the National Infrastructure Building Program. The costs of these projects have been estimated in billions of euros, which also gained a lot of media attention and caused public discussions about the viability.

 

 

Tourist areas in Estonia

Tallinn the capital

The city of Tallinn, the capital of Estonia, is located on the southern shore of the Gulf of Finland, and is an industrial and cultural center for Estonia and a major seaport, in addition to its richness as a historic city, and its residents were subject to many rulers, the last of whom was the Russians.

In 1991 Estonia declared its independence and now appears to be the most converging Baltic country with Western civilization, and this city, which preserved its medieval identity, embraced capitalism, and restaurants, hotels and shops opened every day, and the heart of Tallinn lies in the city located within the walls, and it is interesting to see Watchtowers, fortifications, surviving shops from the Middle Ages, and churches behind the walls that surround them.

 

Tallinn has a maritime climate, with temperatures ranging from 50 to 80 degrees on the Fahrenheit scale from May to September, and in summer temperatures remain around 65 degrees on the same scale, and summer continues in June through August.

 

Tourism in Estonia 

One of the best ways to spend time in Tallinn is to explore the old city, which was once two separate cities belonging to the Middle Ages, separated from each other by a wall, and the first is called Dom Hill, which is the upper city, and it is the seat of the ruling authority, while the lower city is located in the old city square, and it was a residence for merchants And a center of trade, the two cities are linked by two narrow steep streets.

Estonia has the distinction of being a country of lakes and islands like the rest of the Baltic countries, in addition to forests, which qualifies it to be a promising tourist destination of its youth, as it gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, and it needs more development of infrastructure and hospitality services to attract tourists.

 

As for Tallinn, the capital, it is somewhat conservative compared to other European cities, and tourism is an important sector in this country, as it contributes about 15% of the country’s national income, in addition to food products, chemicals and wood products, where there are many forests.

Castles and History
Estonia, especially Tallinn, is famous for its many tourist attractions, the most prominent of which are historical castles and ancient churches, and the ancient area of ​​Tallinn is today one of the areas of human heritage that enjoys protection from UNESCO, and it is completely far from any change in its traditional old buildings made of cobalt stones Secret narrow staircases, and plenty of paths and paths that dazzle visitors at every corner.

You also find some workers practicing a lot of old traditional work, which does not stop the fun, but rather takes you to squares and other streets, parks and many landmarks left by the Soviet regime, especially in the north of the country.

Finmere
The Finmere region is located in the eastern part of the Baltic Sea in Estonia, b

Tourism in Bulgaria

Tourism in Bulgaria

 

Tourist places in Bulgaria

General information about Bulgaria

 

 

A country located in southeastern Europe bordering the Black Sea on its western side. It is bordered by Romania to the north, Turkey and Greece to the south, and the Republic of Serbia and Montenegro and the Republic of Macedonia to the west. With an area of ​​110,994 square meters.

Bulgaria occupies part of the eastern Balkan peninsula, bordering five countries, Greece and Turkey to the south, Macedonia and Serbia to the west, and Romania to the north.

The land border has a total length of 1,808 km (1,123 mi), and the coast is 354 km (220 mi). It has a total area of ​​110,994 square kilometers (42,855 square miles), ranked it as the 105th world – the abyss of the country. The geographical coordinates of Bulgaria are 43 ° N 25 ° E. [9]

The most notable topographical features are the Danube Plain and the Balkan Mountains, the Thracian Plain, and the Rhodope Mountains. On the southern edge of the Danube Plain slopes up to the foothills of the Balkan Mountains, while the Danube delineates the border with Romania. The Thracian Plain is almost triangular, starting from southeast Sofia and extending its reach to the Black Sea coast.

 

 

 

Culture and history

Traditional Bulgarian culture contains mainly Thracian, Slavic and Bulgarian heritage, along with Greek, Roman, Ottoman, Persian and Celtic a.

Bulgarian folk dances and musicians in traditional dress.
Bulgarian folk music is by far the most comprehensive traditional art, and it has developed slowly over the ages as a mixture of eastern and western influences. It contains the Far Eastern, Eastern, Medieval, Eastern Orthodox, standard, tonal, and Western European modes. The music has a distinctive sound and it uses a wide range of traditional instruments, such as a table, a ghida (bagpipe), a lock and a wan. One of the most distinctive features of stretching time is balanced, which has no parallel in the rest of European music. He won a Grammy Award in 1990. The written music composition in Bulgaria can be traced back to the early Middle Ages and the works of Ya Kokuzel (c. 1280-1360). . Bulgarian performances have gained popularity in many other genres such as progressive rock (FSB), electropop (Mira Arroyo) and jazz (Maalach Yifiv).

 

 

Sophia
It is the capital of the Balkan state in Bulgaria. It is located in the west of the country, under Vitosha Mountain. The city’s landmarks reflect more than 2,000 years of history, including the Greek, Roman, Ottoman and Soviet occupations. The Medieval Boyana Church has frescoes from the 13th century. The Church of St. George Rotunda by the Romans in the 4th century, features medieval décor and a estate dating back to the 10th century.

 

The Alexander Nevsky Cathedral in Sofia, with its bulbous dome and considered a national symbol, commemorates the Russian soldiers who were killed during the Russo-Turkish War in the 19th century. The floor of Saint Sophia’s Church was covered in early Christian mosaics. National Archaeological Museum (former mosque) houses a Thracian burial mask. The 19th-century Vrana Palace now houses museums of fine arts and ethnology. The huge 20th-century National Palace of Culture also organizes annual concerts and film festival. On Vitosha Mountain, Vitosha Nature Park is popular for hiking, mountain biking, summer stays in cottages and chalets, and skiing in the winter.

 

Plovdiv
It is an ancient city built around 7 hills, in southern Bulgaria. The regional archeology museum chronicles the history of the city, with exhibits including mosaic panels, pottery lamps, and early coins. The ancient theater in Phillips in the Roman era, in which about 6000 people sat, welcomes operas and concerts. A 3D movie in the old Emperor Hadrian’s stadium recreates Plovdiv in the 2nd century AD.
The old town includes buildings dating back to the 19th century, built in a distinctive style, with symmetrical designs and luxurious facades. Among them, the contemporary Balabanov House shows Bulgarian Art Nouveau contemporary. The Georgiadi House contains the Bulgarian National Revival Museum. The Regional Ethnographic Museum, with exhibits ranging from musical instruments and instruments, is occupied by Kuyumdzhiouglu House. Frescoes adorn the interior of the nine-domed mosque of Djumaya, which was rebuilt in the 15th century. Lake with Singing Fountains, which is the center of Tsar Simeon Park, features fountain shows with light and music effects.

 

 

Varna
It is a coastal city and seaside resort in the Black Sea in Bulgaria, next to the coastal resorts of Golden Sands, Saint Constantine and Albena. This city is famous for its “Varna gold,” a 6000-year-old Thracian jewelry discovered in a tomb, displayed inside the Archaeological Museum, along with Greek, Roman and Ottoman antiquities. There is a walkway facing the waterfront on the front end of the 19th-century village of Primorski Park.

 

Attractions at Primorski Park include Municipal Beach, Varna Aquarium, and performances at the Festa Dolphinarium. The nearby Maritime Museum contains the warship Drazky, famous for blowing up a Turkish cruiser in 1912. The central square is centered in Nezavisimost, in Varna’s historic district, and features Baroque, Art Deco and Neoclassical buildings as well as the Dormition of Theotokos, a Bulgarian Orthodox cathedral. A shrine with gilded copper domes, icons donated by Nicholas II of Russia. Varna Historical Museum also focuses ar

 

 

The historical development of the city, near the ruins of the Roman baths in the fourth century.

Rela
It is a mountain range in southwestern Bulgaria and the highest mountain range in Bulgaria and the Balkans, with its highest peak being Musala at an altitude of 2,925 meters. It is also the sixth highest mountain in Europe, after the Caucasus, the Alps, the Sierra Nevada, the Pyrenees and Mount Etna. More than a third of the mountain is occupied by Rila National Park, and the rest is located within the Rila Monaster Nature Park. The mountain is believed to have been named after the river of the same name, which comes from the old Bulgarian verb “рыти” which means “grub”. Rila is abundant in glacial lakes and hot springs in fault areas at the base of the mountain. Some of the longest and deepest rivers in the Balkans originate from Rila, including the Maritsa, Iscar and Mesta. Culturally, Rila is famous for the Rila Monastery, the largest and most important monastery in Bulgaria, which was founded by Saint John of Rila in the 10th century. Besides cultural attractions, the mountain is also famous for the Seven Rila Lakes.

Tourism in Denmark

Tourism in Denmark

Tourist places in Denmark

 

General information about Denmark

 

From Scandinavia to Northern Europe. It is located southwest of Sweden and southern Norway, and is bordered to the south by Germany. Denmark overlooks both the Baltic and North Seas.

The country consists of a large peninsula, Jutland (Jutland) and many islands, most notably Zeeland, Vonn, Vändssel T (usually considered part of Jutland), Lüland, Falster and Bornholm as well as hundreds of smaller islands often referred to as the Danish archipelago. Denmark has long dominated the entrance to the Baltic Sea. Before the digging of the Kiel Canal, the waterway to the Baltic Sea was through three channels known as the Danish Straits.

 

 

Culture and history in Denmark
Copenhagen is home to many famous sites and a tourist attraction, including Tivoli Gardens, Amalienburg Palace (home of the Danish Royal Family), Christiansborg Palace, Copenhagen Cathedral, Rosenborg Castle, Opera House, Frederick Church (Marble Church), Museum Thorvaldsens, Rundtarn, Nyhavn and the Little Mermaid statue. Copenhagen was ranked the most liveable city in the world by Monocle magazine.

The second largest city in Denmark is Aarhus. Aarhus is an ancient Viking city and one of the oldest cities in the country. The city cathedral is the largest cathedral in Denmark and the second largest in Northern Europe.

 

 

Tourist areas in Denmark
Tivoli Gardens
One of the most famous tourist attractions in Europe, Tivoli Gardens was established in 1843, the park is distinguished by its wonderful views to display flowers, and it has become an important gardens for important social centers and a creative outlet for many theater groups, as well as many entertainment places, games, and shops And restaurants. This park hosts many seasonal festivals with huge crowds.

Bornholm
It is a picturesque Danish island known for fishing, and is characterized by arts, crafts and industry. Bornholm is located in the Baltic Sea, near the shores of Germany, Poland and Sweden from Denmark, which gives it a unique allure. Bornholm is a picturesque place to relax and be away from the hustle and bustle of the city. Tourists come to Bornholm to explore Almindingen, which is Denmark’s third largest forest.

 

Kronborg Castle
Most visitors visit Kronborg Castle, an important example of a Renaissance castle. Construction began in 1574 on the strategic extension that forms the border between Denmark and Sweden. It has become one of the most famous tourist attractions in Denmark.

Skagen beaches
Skagen’s beaches extend over 5,000 miles of coastline, for a fun and relaxing beach vacation. The beaches in Skagen are beautiful beaches. Also, it is noted that there are the largest moving sand dunes in Denmark, and a church was buried there completely because of the sand except for the church steeple that you can see.

 

Viking Ship Museum
The Viking Ship Museum in Roskilde has many visitors. To be included in the important landmarks of the visit, which holds interactive exhibitions that attract adults and children. Most visitors enjoy seeing the original Viking ships discovered at Roskilde.

 

 

Oresund Bridge
This remarkable engineering feat that crosses the Öresund Strait between Copenhagen and Malmö, Sweden. It extends up to 8 km (5 mi), to carry rail passengers and cars. Oresund opened in 2000 to accommodate approximately 17,000 daily vehicles. Visitors to Denmark use the bridge as a comfortable gateway to Sweden, while others prefer the experience of crossing the bridge.

 

Fredericksburg Castle
Fredericksburg Castle is located in the middle of a wonderful lake, which hosts the National History Museum. The castle was built in the 17th century and has hosted the museum on its site since 1878. Visitors can wander the arcades of the castle while viewing a wide range of artworks.