My Best Travel

My Best Travel

Month: February 2021

Overview of the Continent of Europe

Overview of the Continent of Europe

 

Overview of the Continent of Europe

Europe is one of the seven continents of the world. Geographically, it is a large peninsula that forms the western part of Eurasia between the Ural Mountains and the Caucasus Mountains and the Caspian Sea from the east, the Atlantic Ocean from the west, the seas of the Mediterranean Sea, the Black Sea and the Caucasus region from the south and the Arctic Ocean from the north of the continent.

General information about the continent of Europe

It is considered a relatively small continent compared to the rest of the continents, but the continent of Australia is smaller than it. Besides Europe’s geographical boundaries, the concept of continental boundaries goes back to classical and arbitrary antiquity, where the term “continent” became primarily geographical but also includes cultural and political elements.

 

Historians agree that Europe, especially in ancient Greece and ancient Rome, is the cradle of Western civilization influencing the world. Europe played a prominent role in world affairs starting in the fifteenth century, especially after the beginning of colonialism. Between the sixteenth and twentieth centuries, European states dominated the Americas, most of Africa and Oceania, and large parts of Asia at various times. The Industrial Revolution, which began in Great Britain at the end of the eighteenth century, led to radical economic, cultural, and social changes first in Western Europe, and then to include the world. European population growth has increased dramatically, as by 1900, Europe accounted for about 25% of the world’s total population.

Culture and history

Fossils discovered by scientists indicate that the first humans lived in Europe more than a million years ago. The most important known forms of prehistoric humans are Neanderthals and Crohmans. Neanderthals lived around the period 100,000 to 35,000 years ago, and the Chromanian lived between 40,000 to 10,000 years ago. They lived by hunting, often moving from place to place in search of food. They live in groups of between 25 and 30 individuals.
In southeastern Europe around the year 6000 BC, humans learned how to obtain their strength by cultivating the land. This early development paved the way for putting the final touches to the emergence of civilizations that in turn led to the stability of man who was constantly on the move in search of food. And when he settled in a certain place, he would establish villages. Some of these villages later developed and became the nucleus of the first European cities. After about the year 6000 BC, more and more numbers of ancient Europeans began to turn towards agriculture, as agriculture became the main source of food until the end of the prehistoric period, that is, about the year 3000 BC. M, spread all over Europe except for the dense forests in the north.

 

 

The first European civilizations erupted in the Aegean islands in eastern Greece. The Aegean civilization flourished between 3000 BC. AD and 1200 BC The inhabitants of some Aegean islands, especially on the island of Crete, used a writing system, as were adventurous sailors and merchants. A civilization similar to the Aegean civilization appeared on the island of Malta, southern Italy. And after the year 2500 BC.

Almost sailors from the Aegean and Island of Malta sailed along the southern and western coasts of Europe. They were introducing to the people they found their way and their way of life.

touristical monuments

Greek islands (Greece)

The islands are a beautiful place to visit, and there is no doubt that the Greek island is one of the wonderful and attractive places that can be visited in Greece. The islands feature white houses, blue domed churches, cliffs, beaches and the Aegean Sea making it an amazing and popular place.

Hallstatt (Austria)

This is a very quiet city, it is the oldest salt mine in the world, there are plenty of sites for fishing and rental boats to veer up the river. Primarily located between Vienna and Salzburg, this city is the ideal place for recreation.

Rome (Italy)

Rome is the most wonderful city and European capital city for European holidays, simply because it is one of the amazing European capitals. Rome has its history and culture.

Venice, Italy)

Italy is a magical place, including Venice, a city that should not be missed due to its beauty and charm. It has a large share of history, art, and magnificent buildings, so you cannot visit Italy without enjoying the beauty and splendor of Venice.

London (UK)

One of the great places to visit in the UK, and definitely one of the most amazing places to visit in Europe. The city is the jewel of British life, and you can enjoy loads of cafes and restaurants. There is also a natural history museum.

Paris France)

One of the most visited places in Europe, Paris has a lot to offer from fashion to food, and there is also the Eiffel Tower and Notre Dame. This wonderful city with its joy and distinctive style in the old buildings, this wonderful and amazing city and it has its picturesque charm.

Athens, Greece)

Athena is the capital of Greece, unforgettable smells and sights await Athena. There is a lot to see, besides enjoying eating, it is also one of the most unusual places in Europe.

Amsterdam (Netherlands)

Amsterdam is really a beautiful city. Because of its free running channels, you can explore the royal palace, plus there is a lot in this city to keep busy despite its reputation, the city is filled with amazing life.

Madrid (Spain)

Madrid is the terrible and wonderful city in Europe, which is enjoyed in beautiful restaurants. Madrid is one of the most amazing places to visit. This city contains museums of modern art, and you can enjoy the nightlife.

Tourism in the Sultanate of Oman

Tourism in the Sultanate of Oman

Tourist places in Oman

General information about Oman

The Sultanate of Oman is located in the Arabian Peninsula, where it is surrounded to the west by a number of Arab countries and to the east by the Arabian Sea.

The Sultanate of Oman is a tourist destination for many Arab citizens and others from around the world. As the Sultanate contains a cultural heritage that was able to confront development and urbanization. A visitor to the country can see and live the Arab and Omani culture, especially as it was decades or generations ago. The country also contains different terrains, the most important of which are deserts and oases, with water bodies in the middle, giving a wonderful view for everyone who sees it. The Omani people are also distinguished by their generosity and quality for their visitors.

 

Sultan Qaboos Mosque

This religious edifice is an amazing masterpiece of Arab and Islamic architecture and designs. The Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque, made of tons of Indian sandstone, is one of the most beautiful architectural monuments in the entire region. And its design was based on the heritage of many Islamic countries and cultures. It is decorated with Andalusian marble and mosaics, and its tiles are covered with authentic Persian carpets. The courtyard also contains large gardens and fountains that reflect the Islamic culture.

 

Jalali Castle

The Jalali Fort is an impregnable fortress in the old port of Muscat. It was built by the Portuguese Empire ordered by Philip I of Portugal in the 1580s to protect the port. Then the castle was used as the main prison in Oman. But this job expired in the last century. The Jalali Fort was rebuilt in 1983 and turned into a private museum of Omani cultural history. It displays cannons, ancient and identical muskets, maps, carpets and other military and artistic works in particular.

 

Nizwa Fort

It was built over a period of 12 years in the seventeenth century by Sultan bin Saif Al-Yarba. The fort is famous for its 40-meter, round tower. Nizwa Fort (Nizwa Fort) is one of the most famous tourist attractions in the Sultanate of Oman. Because it is a wonderful example of ancient Omani architecture that provides an example of the way Omani people used to live in ancient times. Nizwa Fort contains seven wells, a number of prisons, and trial grounds. The main tower features several defense mechanisms that have been used by the Omanis in the past such as chutes, honey traps and shooting windows.

Nizwa Fort Inside the Nizwa Fort The fort also contains many exhibits and artefacts displayed in every room of the castle. There is also a beautiful gift shop and a permanent exhibition showing the geographical history of Oman, and many details about the history of Nizwa and how the capital of Oman was at one time.

Zubair House

It is a former home owned by the Al-Zubair family, and it is now a private museum funded by the Al-Zubair family founder. The museum opened its doors to visitors in the previous century in 1998, and there are various Omani artefacts that date back to many centuries, which are a mixture of various cultural and historical artifacts such as ancient cannons, jewelry and artworks, all of which tell the ancient history of Oman.

Tourism in Lebanon

Tourism in Lebanon

Tourist places in Lebanon

 

General information about Lebanon

Lebanon mediates between the countries of the Arab world and has borders with Jordan, Palestine and Syria, as it is bordered on the west by the Mediterranean Sea.
Lebanon is considered one of the most beautiful countries in the Arab world, and the most receiving country for Arab and foreign tourists in the region, due to its mediation in the Middle East and its western character, the presence of two religious backgrounds in it, as well as the various tourist attractions located in it as its green nature, mountains and plains Its beaches are considered the most beautiful in it, as it contains many historical monuments from different eras and nations that the most important of which are Romanian, and Lebanon is characterized by popular life among its alleys, as well as that its atmosphere is very suitable for tourism.

 

 

The best tourist places in Lebanon

Baalbek

Baalbek is an ancient Roman city, where today it contains many of the Roman and Byzantine archaeological sites that indicate the splendor of Roman architecture in the imperial period, and the Temple of Jupiter is one of the main tourist places in Baalbek; The Romans used to travel for many miles to worship in it, and to present performances to their gods, and very huge stones were found in the remaining parts of the city, and there is also a temple of Bacchus and the Temple of Venus in Baalbek, and festivals are held annually in Baalbek in the summer.

Cupolas

One of the most beautiful towns in which a tourist can feel the splendor of Lebanon and the beauty of its nature, the town of Al-Qobayat enjoys wide and beautiful green areas, and it is an ancient town located in the northern part of Lebanon, and is characterized by moderate weather even in hot summer days, and tourists visit the town of Kobayat for the purpose of religious tourism in particular, It contains many churches and monasteries, and the most prominent activities undertaken by visitors to the town of Qobayat is to visit the longest mountain path in the country, which connects several places along the north and towards the south, in addition to that the summer music festival of Kobayat is held there.

 

Temple of Jupiter

Standing tall as a witness to the Roman civilization in Lebanon, the huge Temple of Jupiter dedicated to the worship of Zeus, located in Heciopolis or Baalbek. The main building in the “Great Court” was the Roman pagan temple that is still partially standing. It took three centuries to create this gigantic Roman pagan temple, so it is considered one of the most important Roman monuments in the region and in the world. It was the largest pagan temple dedicated to Jupiter in all of the Roman Empire. The columns were 30 meters long and about 2.5 meters in diameter: the largest in the classical world.

 

Beirut National Museum

This is the main cultural institution in Beirut. It displays an impressive collection of ancient artifacts that constitute an overview of the history of Lebanon and the civilizations that influenced and passed this cultural crossroads. Among its most prominent features are the gilded Phoenician bronze statues, which were greatly photographed, which were found buried near the Obelisk temple in Byblos, as well as a series of Phoenician coffins with human faces and a Roman tomb, as well as an enormous collection of coins and means used at that time.

Tourism in Jordan

Tourism in Jordan

Tourist places in Jordan

 

 

General information about Jordan

The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan mediates the Arab world and is located in close proximity to many countries such as Turkey, Greece and Egypt. It is also considered a university of many cultures and backgrounds such as Arab, Western, Turkish and others, which makes it an important tourist destination in the region, in addition to the great history that Carry it, which is reflected in cultural and religious tourism, as it was passed by a number of prophets, as well as being a container for one of the Seven Wonders of the World Petra.

 

The best tourist places in Jordan

Petra

The “City of Roses” is a hand-carved cave, temple, and tombs carved from fine pink sandstone in the upper desert of Jordan some 2,000 years ago. And it is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World, as millions of tourists flock to it annually to see it.

 

Wadi Rum

It is considered one of the most beautiful deserts in the world, and it is a Jordanian reserve, where people can enjoy the beauty of desert scenery between towering valleys and the heights of rocky mountains. It features magnificent sandstone mountains such as Mount Umm Ichrin, which has multiple domes and natural arches. It also has many prehistoric inscriptions lined with rocky caves and sharp crevasses.

Dead Sea

One of the most prominent landmarks of Jordan and the most important tourist destinations in it is the Dead Sea, which is located between Jordan and Palestine, where tourists from different parts of the world come to it for the purpose of recreation and swimming or for the purpose of health tourism, as the sea has many health benefits to the body as it contributes to treating some diseases, especially diseases Skin, psoriasis, and others.

Roman theater in Amman.

It is a famous landmark in the Jordanian capital, Amman, and dates back to the second century of the Roman era, when the city was known as Philadelphia. The theater was built during the reign of Antoninus Pius (138-161 AD). The large and renewed structure can accommodate about 6000 people. It was divided into three horizontal sections and there are side entrances at ground level, one leading to the orchestra and the other to the stage. The rooms behind these entrances now include the Jordanian Museum of Folklore on one side, and the Jordanian Museum of Folklore on the other side.

Tourism in Belgium

Tourism in Belgium

General information about Belgium

 

It is a country with a “federal monarchy” in Western Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union, and it hosts the headquarters of the European Union, as well as many other major international organizations such as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

On both sides of the cultural border between Germanic Europe and Latin, Belgium has two main languages: Dutch speakers (about 59%), most of them Flemish, and French speakers (about 41%), most of them Walloons, in addition to a small group of German speakers.

 

Culture and history in Belgium
Historically, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg were known as the Low Countries, which used to cover a somewhat larger area than the current Benelux group of states. Historically, Belgium was called “Latin Belgium” due to the accession of Belgium to one of the Roman provinces. From the end of the Middle Ages until the 17th century, it was a thriving center of commerce and culture. From the 16th century until the Belgian Revolution in 1830, when Belgium seceded from the Netherlands, and many battles took place between European powers on Belgian soil, which led to it being called the “battlefield in Europe”, a reputation strengthened by both world wars.

Belgium’s climate is temperate and belongs to the style of Western Europe, which is moderate marine in general, the winters are cold and the summers are moderate.

Despite its political and linguistic divisions, the region opposite Belgium today has seen the flourishing of major artistic movements that had a tremendous impact on European art and culture. Nowadays, to some extent, cultural life is concentrated within each language community, and a variety of barriers have made the common cultural sphere less clear.

Since 1970, there are no bilingual universities or colleges in the country with the exception of the Royal Military Academy and Antwerp Maritime Academy, neither the joint media nor one large cultural or scientific institution in which each of the major denominations is represented.

Tourist areas in Belgium
Mons
The capital of the province of Limburg, Mons is best known for its magical and surprising ringing tones with the town’s glorious bell tower bells, which we salute from 80 meters (270 feet) into the tower. The winding streets allow visitors to easily cross the city’s sites, which are a rich mixture of architectural styles. The Gothic style of Mons is striking, with the Collegiate Church of St. Waudru boasting a very impressive 16th century collection with alabaster statues.

 

Dinant
This city is located along the Meuse River, 65 kilometers (40 miles) from the southern capital. The Han Caves and Dinant Cave are natural attractions that bring visitors to them. These caves are among the largest and most beautiful places located within the wildlife reserve, which is teeming in Europe with indigenous plants and animals.

Tournai
Tournai is adjacent to France, and an excellent place to get away from the hustle and bustle of Belgium’s largest city. There are more than 2000 years of rich cultural history that can be explored in the city, and this city is one of the most beautiful home of churches in the world – the Gothic and Roman Cathedral of Notre Dame. Constructed in the 12th and 13th centuries.

Arden
You can enjoy hiking, cycling and camping, and visitors head to Belgium to go to the rugged hills in the Ardennes, with forests, caves and cliffs. The Ardennes is also famous for being home to deer and lynx, many castles and a number of other notable attractions.

She sang
Ghent is the city of history. During the Middle Ages, it was one of the richest and most powerful cities in Europe. It is the second largest city in the northern Alps, after Paris. The traces of this rich past can be clearly seen when looking at the architecture of the churches, homes of wealthy merchants, the great cathedrals of the Middle Ages and Gravensteen Castle.

 

Bruges
It’s easy to get past Bruges and is home to glorious medieval architecture, especially on the south side of the city’s main axis, the Grote Market Square. Escort is on the west side, and visitors can also enjoy a Neo-Gothic style amidst the courthouse.

Tourism in Latvia

Tourism in Latvia

Tourist places in Latvia

General information about Latvia

It is a country located in the Baltic Sea region in Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by Estonia (the length of the border is 343 km), to the south by Lithuania (588 km), to the east by the Russian Federation (276 km) and to the southeast by Belarus (141 km), and it shares a maritime border to the west with Sweden.

It is one of the least populated and densely populated countries in the European Union. The capital of Latvia is Riga, and the Latvian language is the official language and its currency is Lats. On January 1, 2014, it was replaced by the euro. The country has a moderate seasonal climate.
The Latvian people are Baltic and culturally related to Estonians and Lithuanians. Latvians are the indigenous people of Latvia along with the Levans of the Finno-Ugric ethnicity.

Culture and history in Latvia
In terms of geography, land and population, Latvia is the center between the three Baltic states: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. Latvia shares its history with Estonia during the periods of German, Polish-Lithuanian, Swedish, Russian, Nazi-German, and Soviet rule, Christianization in the thirteenth century, and the Protestant Reformation in the sixteenth century. Both countries are home to a large number of ethnic Russians (27.4% in Latvia and 26% in Estonia) some of them are non-citizens. The history of Latvia is predominantly Protestant, with the exception of the Latgalia region in the southeast of the country, which has a predominantly Catholic history.


The name Latvia comes from the ancient Latgalians, who are one of the Indo-European Baltic tribes, which together with the Coronians, Selonians and Simeigal tribes formed the ethnic core of the Latvian people today.

Around the beginning of the third millennium BC, the Proto-Baltic ancestors of the Latvian people settled the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea.

Latvia is famous for folklore, especially folk songs dating back about 1000 years, which were distinguished by more than 1.2 million texts and 30,000 folk melodies.

Tourist areas of Latvia
The ancient city of Riga
It includes cobbled streets and medieval buildings there. When you open your arms in Rosina, the narrowest street in Riga, you can touch opposite walls together, and you can also eat local traditional meals in one of the famous restaurants.

The city of Kuldega
This city is located on the banks of the River Venta, 155 kilometers from the capital, Riga. It dates back to the Middle Ages and is ideal for a romantic break, or for hiking, cycling, horses, fishing or taking a boat out for walks.


Rondal Palace and Museum
It is located in the fertile plains of southern Latvia. The interior “decorations” date back to the period between 1765 and 1768 and are the creativity of the German sculptor Johan Michael Graf, the Italian painters Francesco Martini and Carlo Zuchi. The building includes art galleries, fine arts and historical galleries, and the palace hosts a festival. Music and classical music concerts, and the place can be visited daily from ten in the morning until six thirty in the evening.

Guaja National Park
It is the oldest and largest national park in “Latvia” and the park is distinguished by its biological diversity, topography, natural springs and caves, as the park extends over more than 90 thousand hectares, so one day will not be enough to enjoy the magic of all parts of the place.

Tourism in Hungary

Tourism in Hungary

General information about Hungary

 

It is a confined European country located in the Carpathian Basin in Central Europe. It is bordered to the north by Slovakia and the length of the border is about 515 km, Ukraine borders 103 km in the northeast, Romania borders 443 km to the east, and from the south Croatia borders 329 km from Serbia and Slovenia with 102 km, and Austria borders 336 km from the west.

Hungary or Hungary is a confined country that does not have an outlet to the sea, and is surrounded by land on all sides. The territory of Hungary covers an area of ​​93,030 km², and is affected by a continental climate, making it the 109th largest area in the world.

 

 

Buda Castle and Matthias Church, Budapest
Budapest Castle is a historical royal palace built in the 13th century when Hungary was invaded by the Mongols. The castle was destroyed but was later constructed in the 14th century and built in the Roman residential style. Later on, the castle replaced a mansion built in the design known as the Gothic style. The standing castle reflects the history and culture of the Hungarian people. And it is located in an attractive location on high ground of hills.

the Great Synagogue
The Great Synagogue on Dohani Street (also known as Dohani Street Synagogue) is the largest synagogue in Europe and the second largest in the world, with a capacity of 3,000 people. It was built between 1854 and 1859 This site is now part of the complex and home to the Jewish Museum.

 

During the war years, anti-Semitism grew rapidly in Hungary. A series of anti-Jewish policies passed, and fascist groups such as the “Arrow Cross Party” began to attract more followers. Hungary became an ally of Germany, and the Synagogue was damaged by the Arrow Cross party in 1939. During World War II, the Great Synagogue served as a residence and radio communication center for the Germans. Today, the complex serves as the main center of the Jewish community.

Parliament building in Hungary
This architectural masterpiece on Kossuth Square by Imre Steindl was designed in an exquisite Neo-Gothic style. Today, it is the largest building in Hungary and the second largest parliament building in Europe. The idea of ​​constructing a new Parliament building arose after the unification of Ubduda, Buda and Pest in 1873; It opened in 1896, on the 1000th anniversary of Hungary’s founding. Thanks to the use of the finest materials, the entire building is a piece of art. It is the home of the Sacred Crown, and the Royal Scepter. Parliament is open for visits, and tickets must be purchased from the on-site visitor center.


Fisherman’s Bastion
One of the most important things to do in Budapest is without a doubt visiting this landmark. The current watchtowers were built in the 19th century as watchtowers for the best panoramic views of Budapest. With a view of the Danube,

One of the most visited attractions in Budapest, it was built between 1895 and 1902. The purpose of the building was part of a group of developments that celebrated the thousandth birthday of the Hungarian state.

It includes seven towers. Each of these signs represents one of the seven Hungarian leaders who led their people to present-day Hungary to settle in the year 895. It is located in the middle of the statue of Saint Stephen, the first Hungarian king to rule in that city. In short, Bastion is a historical monument to the Millennium King.


The City Park
It is one of the most beautiful parks in Hungary and it is a public park close to the center of Budapest, Hungary. It has an area of ​​302 acres, and is located in the 14th district of Budapest. Its main entrance is in Heroes’ Square, one of Hungary’s World Heritage Sites.

Vajdahunyad Castle
One of the historic castles in Budapest, Vajdahunyad Castle is located in the City Park next to the ski lake / rink. The castle was built in 1896 and is a testament to the architectural development of past centuries. Currently the castle is home to many festivals and concerts.

 

Tourism in Russia

Tourism in Russia

Tourist places in Russia

 

Tourism in Russia, Red Square in Moscow

Information about tourism in Russia, which is growing thanks to the rich cultural heritage and wonderful natural diversity. In the traveler’s guide, we review Russia’s tourist attractions and details of the most important and largest tourist cities.

Officially known as the Russian Federation, it is a republican semi-presidential country in Northern Eurasia that includes 83 federated entities.

 

 

 

Russia shares borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, the People’s Republic of China, Mongolia, and North Korea.

It also has a maritime border with Japan in the Sea of ​​Okhotsk and the United States via the Bering Strait.

Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering 1/8 of the world’s inhabited land area, with an area of ​​17,075,400 square kilometers (6,592,800 square miles).

 

 

Tourism in Russia
Russia extends across the whole of northern Asia and 40% of Europe, and covers nine time zones and includes a wide range of environments and terrain. It has the world’s largest reserves of mineral and energy resources and has the world’s largest reserves of forests and lakes, which contain nearly a quarter of the world’s fresh water.

Culture and history
The country’s history began with the emergence of the East Slavs as a recognized group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. In the ninth century AD, the Kievan Rus’ principality was established by the Frankish warriors, and Orthodox Christianity was adopted as a religion in 988 due to the influence of the Byzantine Empire, and that was the beginning of the blending of the Slavic and Byzantine cultures, which together formed the features of Russian culture for the next millennium.

Kievan Rus’ eventually fragmented into a number of small states, and most of the Russian lands fell into the hands of the Mongol invasion in 1223, and became subordinate to the Golden Horde. Later, the Duchy of Moscow gradually began to unify its neighboring emirates and succeeded in independence from the rule of the Golden Horde, and was able to inherit the political and cultural legacy of Kievan Rus.By the eighteenth century, the country expanded greatly through invasions, wars and exploration, to generate the Russian Empire, which became the third largest empire in history. Its influence extends from Poland in Europe to Alaska in North America.

 

At the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth century, Russian cuisine began to compete with the famous French cuisine in terms of its influence and popularity in Europe. Some authentic Russian food was included in the menus of restaurants all over the world, and perhaps the most famous one was Studien, Shi.

Tourist areas of Russia
Russian Federation, Eurasian Mosaic. It has plenty of beauty and charm, and an important historical and strategic position meets in Russia, where the most beautiful architectural artifacts reside, which attract millions of travelers every year. Learn about the most beautiful tourist cities in it

Moscow
In addition to being the capital of Russia, it is also the center of culture and politics of the country with a population of about 10,562,099 people. This city is famous for its huge Soviet buildings such as the Russian National Library and parks, in addition to tourist attractions, including Red Square or Red Square, the Kremlin and the Russian Historical Mystery.

Sochi
The city of Sochi is located in southern Russia and attracts a large number of tourists, as it combines beaches, picturesque nature, archaeological museums, and others. Its climate is temperate throughout the year and is famous for its spas, gardens and parks, so a must-visit is the Riviera Park, the Godlec Castle and the Temple of Lou.

Novgorod
It is located at the confluence of the Volga and Oka rivers and has an area of ​​more than 410 square kilometers. It is 400 km from the capital, Moscow, and has historical and architectural landmarks, and you can take a boat trip on the Volkhov River to enjoy stunning views.

Saint Petersburg
It is located northwest of Russia, formerly known as Leningrad, and is the second largest Russian city. It has a population of 5,191,690 people and combines buildings, museums and waterways, making it similar to Venice in Italy. Also, the most important performances of opera and ballet are held in it. When you travel to this city, we recommend you to visit the Hermitage Museum, which contains the most important paintings in the world, the Peter and Paul Fortress, and the Russian Museum.

 

 

Kazan
This city is located at the confluence of the Volga and Kazanka rivers in European Russia and is known as the sports capital of Russia. There are many tourist attractions, including the Qul Sherif Mosque, being the capital of Chechnya and the Leaning Tower.

Tourism in the Netherlands

Tourism in the Netherlands

Tourist places in the Netherlands

 

 

General information about the Netherlands

Officially, it consists of a European part that includes twelve provinces, located northwest of Europe, and a Caribbean part consisting of three islands in the Caribbean Sea in Latin America.

The European part is bordered by the North Sea from the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the east, and it shares maritime borders with Belgium, Germany and the United Kingdom.

 

The system of government in the Netherlands is parliamentary democracy, and its official capital is Amsterdam, while the seat of the king and the government are located in The Hague.

The port of Rotterdam is the largest port in Europe – the size of the next three ports combined.

 

Culture and history of the Netherlands
The Netherlands has given birth to some of the greatest painters in the world. The seventeenth century AD – the golden age of the country – was the era of great artists such as Rembrandt, Johannes Vermeer, Jan Steen and others. And most European artists at that time painted for churches, nobles or members of royal families only, but Dutch painters painted paintings of people, including the public and ordinary things, including the silent nature.

The Netherlands experienced a scientific and cultural renaissance in the seventeenth century, whose most important pioneers in literature were Joost van den Vondel and BC Hooft. In the nineteenth century AD Multatoli wrote his book on the mistreatment of the population in the Dutch colonies. Among the most important writers of the twentieth century are Harry Molisch, Jan Volkers, Simon Fisdek, and Anne Frank, and her famous book, “Memoirs of a Little Girl,” which was published after her death in the Holocaust and has been translated into most of the major languages ​​of the world.

To introduce Dutch culture and its global role, miniature models of some Dutch buildings were erected in the Huis Ten Bosch theme park in Nagasaki, Japan, and a similar Dutch village was built in Shenyang, China, containing some cultural elements and landmarks that the Netherlands is famous for, such as windmills, tulips, Dutch domes, and cheese, Delphi porcelain.

Tourist areas in the Netherlands
Keukenhof Gardens

The beautiful Keukenhof Gardens are the largest flower gardens in Europe. Every spring, from mid-March to mid-May, the Keukenhof Gardens open their doors to reveal stunning landscapes of vibrant colors and floral scents. Due to the limited opening times of the Keukenhof gardens, tickets are in short supply. Tourists can, through prior reservation, obtain tickets to enter the park, which tells the story of the Netherlands with the historical tulip that dominated European markets in previous centuries.

Van Gogh Museum
It is an art museum dedicated to the works of Vincent Van Gogh and his contemporaries in Amsterdam, Netherlands. It is located in Museum Square in the Amsterdam South district, close to the Stedelijk Museum, the Rijksmuseum, and the Concertgebouw. The museum opened on June 2, 1973. The museum houses the largest collection of works by Vincent Van Gogh – more than 200 paintings, 500 drawings and 700 of his letters.

Rijksmuseum
It is a Dutch national museum dedicated to art and history in Amsterdam. The museum is located in Museum Square in the south of the Amsterdam district, close to the Van Gogh Museum, Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam, and the Concertgebouw. The Rijksmuseum is one of Amsterdam’s finest and most popular museums. Its extensive collection displays iconic art and a variety of artifacts that reflect more than 800 years of Dutch and world history.

Oude Kerk Church
Oude Kerk is the oldest building in Amsterdam and the oldest parish church, and was founded around 1213 and consecrated in 1306 by the Bishop of Utrecht with Saint Nicholas as its patron saint. After the reform in 1578 it became a Calvinist church, which is still in service today.

Dom Tower in Utrecht
At 112.5 meters, the Dom Tower in Utrecht is the tallest church tower in the Netherlands, and the Gothic-style tower is a symbol of the city. The tower was part of St. Martin’s Cathedral, also known as the Dom Church, and was built between 1321 and 1382.

 

 

De Haar Castle
De Haar Castle is the largest and most luxurious castle in the Netherlands and is one of the most famous and beautiful European historic homes. A visit there will take you to the glorious days of the castle on a journey through history and you will be able to see the amazing beauty and splendor of the life of the wealthy and the bourgeoisie in the early twentieth century.

Tourism in Belarus

Tourism in Belarus

Tourist places in Belarus

 

General information about Belarus

Most of the population of Belarus resides in the urban areas surrounding Minsk and other capital cities (regions) forming the country. More than 80% of the population is Belarusian, with significant minorities of Russians, Poles and Ukrainians. Since a referendum was held in 1995, the two official languages ​​of the country have become Belarusian and Russian.

 

The Constitution of Belarus does not declare the official religion even though the main religion in the country is Russian Orthodox Christianity. The second faith is Catholic Christianity, with a much smaller number of followers, but both Easter and Christmas are officially observed and considered public holidays.

Culture and history

Belarusian literature began with religious writings between the eleventh and thirteenth centuries, represented by Cyril’s Toravian poetry from the twelfth century. By the 16th century, Polotsk resident Francesk Skaryna translated the Bible into Belarusian. It was published in Prague and Vilnius between 1517 and 1525, making it the first book printed in Belarus or anywhere in Eastern Europe. The modern stage of Belarusian literature began in the late nineteenth century. One of the most important ones is Yanka Kupala. Several prominent Belarusian writers of the time, such as Oladzimir Zelka, Kazimir Svayak, Jakob Kolas, Jmitrok Piadula and Maxim Haritsky wrote for a Belarusian-language newspaper called Nasha Niva, published in Vilnius.

 

After Belarus was incorporated into the Soviet Union, the Soviet government took control of the republic’s cultural affairs. The free development of literature only in the territories fell under Polish control until the Soviets took control of it in 1939. Many poets and writers were exiled after the Nazi occupation of Belarus, and did not return until the 1960s. The last attempts to revive the past of Belarusian literature appeared in the 1960s through the novels of Vasil Bekav and Oladzimir Karatievich.

 

 

Tourist areas in Belarus
Mir Castle complex (Mirsky Zamuk)

The Mir Castle complex (Mirsky Zamuk) is an outstanding example of fortification art dating back to the 16th century. It is located in the town of Mir in the Grodno region of Belarus. The construction of this Gothic-style castle in Belarus began in 1520 by Duke Ilyench. Mykolai Radziwela Palace was built with three floors along the eastern and northern walls of the fortress which has forty rooms. The walls were built surrounded by a moat. And an artificial lake was created in the south.

 

 

Minsk
The capital of Belarus, it is a modern city dominated by monumental Stalinist architecture. Many of its museums, theaters, and other cultural attractions are located on Istiklal Street, this famous square is located in close proximity to the huge KGB headquarters and the Church of the New Roman Saints Simon and Helena, also known as the Red Church.
Close to Independence Square is the Museum of the Great Patriotic War, which commemorates the nation’s role in WWII, and the National Museum of Art, which displays hundreds of local artworks.

 

Grodno
It is a city in western Belarus, near the Polish and Lithuanian borders. On the banks of the Neman River, the city is characterized by its greenness and also contains the old castle, which was considered a palace of the Renaissance, which dates back to the eleventh century. Nearby, a new village was built in the 18th century as a royal residence. There is also another tourist attraction in the city, which is the steadfast Kloza church from the twelfth century, which is decorated with polished stones and terracotta tiles.