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Tag Archive : Culture and history

Tourism in Brunei

Tourism in Brunei

Tourist places in Brunei


General information about Brunei

Brunei, officially known as Brunei Darussalam, the nation of Brunei, or the land of peace, is a country located on the northern coast of Borneo Island in Southeast Asia.



Brunei is divided into two regions separated by the town of Lembang in the Malaysian state of Sarawak, which completely surrounds Brunei with the exception of Brunei’s northern coast overlooking the South China Sea. Brunei is the only independent country on Borneo, with Malaysia and Indonesia sharing the rest of the island.

Culture and history

Brunei’s origins can be traced back to the seventh century AD when it was a state of the Kingdom of Srivijaya under the name ‘Pune’.

Ferdinand Magellan visited this maritime country in 1521 and fought Spain in the War of Castile in 1578. The empire began to retreat after being forced to cede Sarawak to James Brooke and cede Sabah to the British North Borneo Registered Company.

After losing Lembang, Brunei became a British protectorate in 1888, then a British ruler established it in 1906. After the end of the Japanese occupation of the country, Brunei declared a new constitution and fought an armed revolution, and then regained its independence from the United Kingdom on January 1, 1984.

Economic growth during the seventies and nineties, which reached a rate of 56% between 1999 and 2008, transformed the country into a modern industrial state.

Sultan Omar Ali Safi al-Din Mosque

This mosque is located in Bandar Seri Begawan, capital of Brunei, and is one of the country’s major landmarks. It is the wonderful mosque, with its attractive view in the evening. It has 28 domes as a symbol of the 28th Sultan of Brunei, Sultan Omar Ali Safiuddin III.

The lavish royal building

Tourists can see the full outfit of the Sultan in Brunei, including the crown and the royal carriage, along with an enormous collection of treasures.

Kampung Ayer (Water Village)

The Water Village is a prehistoric village, which was built on stilts above the Brunei River, which is immersed in cultural and historical heritage. It is known to be one of the largest water villages in the world. Some call it the “Venice of the East”. In this village you find different means of transportation from water taxis and wooden paths.

Brunei Museum

The Brunei Museum is a museum that includes exhibits of ancient cannons and daggers, Borneo displays ethnographic and treasures discovered from shipwrecks off the coast of Brunei. Adjacent to the Brunei Museum is the Malaysian Technology Museum, which displays boat making, fishing, metallurgy, and goldsmithing methods in ancient times.

Astana is the light of faith

Istana Noor al-Iman is the residence palace of the Sultan of Brunei. The mansion is located on a luxuriant, in the river trail of the hills and on the banks of the Brunei River south of Bandar Seri Begawan, a few miles outside the city center. Istana Noor al-Iman, meaning Light of Faith Palace, is said to be the largest residential palace in the world. The palace is only open to the public during the Hari Raya season in Brunei.

The Empire Brunei Hotel and Country Club

The Empire Brunei Hotel and Country Club It is one of the most beatiful places you must visit in Brunei. The Empire Brunei Hotel and Country Club was built in six years and opened on October 16, 2000. The hotel has a suite with a private lift, a swimming pool, a steam room, a sauna, a theater and a cinema, and a piano. Visitors can enjoy taking pictures in the lobby and there are other areas open to the public.

About the continent of Africa

About the continent of Africa





Africa is the second largest continent in the world in terms of area and population, second only to Asia. Its area is 30.2 million square kilometers (11.7 million square miles), and this area includes the neighboring islands. It covers 6% of the total land surface area and occupies 20.4% of the total land area.

General information about the continent of Africa

The continent is bordered on the north by the Mediterranean Sea, by the Suez Canal and the Red Sea to the northeast, while the Indian Ocean is bordered on the southeast and east, and the Atlantic Ocean on the west. Other than the disputed area of ​​Western Sahara, the continent includes 54 countries, including the island of Madagascar and several groups of islands such as the islands of the Comoros, which are considered annexed to the continent.
The equator passes through the continent of Africa, and it includes multiple climatic zones; It is the only continent that stretches from the temperate northern region to the southern temperate zone.

Culture and history

At the beginning of the Medieval Era, the continent of Africa was formed with the other continents of the Earth “Pangaya” or “Pangwana” (a supercontinent that existed in ancient times).
Africa and this supercontinent relatively participated in the unified group of animals that lived in that period of time, dominated by animals from the class of theropods, prosauropods and ornithischian dinosaurs, by the end of the Triassic period.
Late Triassic fossils have been found throughout Africa, but are more common in the south and north. The emergence of signs of extinction of events considers that the stages of life in Africa during this period of time have not been thoroughly studied. The classes belonging to the early Jurassic period are distributed in a manner similar to the classes of the late Trician period.


In addition to the more common outcrops in the south, and the less common fossil layers, which predominate through northward paths, over time during the Jurassic period, large and distinct groups of dinosaurs such as swaropods and ornithopods proliferated in Africa.

The strata of the Middle Jurassic period in Africa are not well represented or studied. The late Jurassic strata are also poorly represented, apart from the amazing tengguru group in Tanzania. The life of the Tandjuru animal is similar in the late Jurassic period

With the Tandjuru that was discovered in the Morrison Formation in the northwest of America. The island of Madagascar separated from Africa in the middle of the Mesozoic era about 150-160 million years ago, but it remained linked to India and the rest of the land in the Gondwanan continent. Madagascar includes fossils of abelisaurs and titansaurs. And then later, at the beginning of the Cretaceous period, slavery was practiced in Africa, as in other regions of the world, throughout recorded history.

Between the seventh and twentieth centuries, the Arab slave trade (also known as slavery in the East) brought in 18 million slaves from Africa across the Sahara and the Indian Ocean. And between the fifteenth and nineteenth centuries, the transatlantic slave trade brought in From seven to twelve million slaves to the New World.

The climate in Africa ranges from tropical climate to sub-polar climate at the highest mountain peaks. The northern part of the continent is mainly composed of desert and arid regions, while the central and southern regions alike are covered by savannah plains and dense jungles (heavy rain). In between this and that, there are medium areas, where patterns of plant life grow, such as the Sahel region, and the areas controlled by the plains.

Africa may include the world’s largest variety of wildlife in terms of density and diversity, and the wildlife variety includes large carnivores (such as a lion, hyena, and leopard) and herbivores (such as buffalo, deer, elephant, camel, and giraffe)

It lives and moves freely in open natural plains that are not owned by anyone. It is also the home of a variety of creatures that live in the forests (including snakes and species of monkeys), and it also includes creatures belonging to aquatic life (including crocodiles and amphibians)


1- Kenya: Masai Mara Reserve

This reserve is located in southern Kenya, and it is one of the best and most beautiful places in Africa, where safari trips and wildlife watching in its most beautiful pictures, and the reserve contains many beautiful landscapes as well as a distinct group of animals.

2- Zimbabwe: Victoria Falls

It is located in the south of the African continent, between Zambia and Zimbabwe, and tourists from all over the world go to it every year to enjoy the wonderful view of the waterfalls, and it is visited especially by fans of the sport of bungee jumping and the sport of small boats.

3- Egypt: the pyramids of Giza

It is one of the Seven Wonders of the World, located in the governorates of Giza, and the pyramids are the most important and most famous tombs in the world, as they were built as tombs that contain the bodies and mummies of a number of the kings of ancient Egypt, namely Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure.

4- Mali: Djenny

One of the largest cities in sub-Saharan Africa, it arose in the atmosphere of Islamic teachings, and the city includes a large mosque in the market square, a brick building made of clay, and this mosque was classified as the largest facility built of clay.

5- South Africa: Cape Town

This city is considered one of the most beautiful regions of the world, and against this background it attracts large numbers of tourists throughout the year, and it contains table mountain, which is the original home of many animal breeds, in addition to containing Christine Bush’s natural gardens.

Overview of the Continent of Europe

Overview of the Continent of Europe


Overview of the Continent of Europe

Europe is one of the seven continents of the world. Geographically, it is a large peninsula that forms the western part of Eurasia between the Ural Mountains and the Caucasus Mountains and the Caspian Sea from the east, the Atlantic Ocean from the west, the seas of the Mediterranean Sea, the Black Sea and the Caucasus region from the south and the Arctic Ocean from the north of the continent.

General information about the continent of Europe

It is considered a relatively small continent compared to the rest of the continents, but the continent of Australia is smaller than it. Besides Europe’s geographical boundaries, the concept of continental boundaries goes back to classical and arbitrary antiquity, where the term “continent” became primarily geographical but also includes cultural and political elements.


Historians agree that Europe, especially in ancient Greece and ancient Rome, is the cradle of Western civilization influencing the world. Europe played a prominent role in world affairs starting in the fifteenth century, especially after the beginning of colonialism. Between the sixteenth and twentieth centuries, European states dominated the Americas, most of Africa and Oceania, and large parts of Asia at various times. The Industrial Revolution, which began in Great Britain at the end of the eighteenth century, led to radical economic, cultural, and social changes first in Western Europe, and then to include the world. European population growth has increased dramatically, as by 1900, Europe accounted for about 25% of the world’s total population.

Culture and history

Fossils discovered by scientists indicate that the first humans lived in Europe more than a million years ago. The most important known forms of prehistoric humans are Neanderthals and Crohmans. Neanderthals lived around the period 100,000 to 35,000 years ago, and the Chromanian lived between 40,000 to 10,000 years ago. They lived by hunting, often moving from place to place in search of food. They live in groups of between 25 and 30 individuals.
In southeastern Europe around the year 6000 BC, humans learned how to obtain their strength by cultivating the land. This early development paved the way for putting the final touches to the emergence of civilizations that in turn led to the stability of man who was constantly on the move in search of food. And when he settled in a certain place, he would establish villages. Some of these villages later developed and became the nucleus of the first European cities. After about the year 6000 BC, more and more numbers of ancient Europeans began to turn towards agriculture, as agriculture became the main source of food until the end of the prehistoric period, that is, about the year 3000 BC. M, spread all over Europe except for the dense forests in the north.



The first European civilizations erupted in the Aegean islands in eastern Greece. The Aegean civilization flourished between 3000 BC. AD and 1200 BC The inhabitants of some Aegean islands, especially on the island of Crete, used a writing system, as were adventurous sailors and merchants. A civilization similar to the Aegean civilization appeared on the island of Malta, southern Italy. And after the year 2500 BC.

Almost sailors from the Aegean and Island of Malta sailed along the southern and western coasts of Europe. They were introducing to the people they found their way and their way of life.

touristical monuments

Greek islands (Greece)

The islands are a beautiful place to visit, and there is no doubt that the Greek island is one of the wonderful and attractive places that can be visited in Greece. The islands feature white houses, blue domed churches, cliffs, beaches and the Aegean Sea making it an amazing and popular place.

Hallstatt (Austria)

This is a very quiet city, it is the oldest salt mine in the world, there are plenty of sites for fishing and rental boats to veer up the river. Primarily located between Vienna and Salzburg, this city is the ideal place for recreation.

Rome (Italy)

Rome is the most wonderful city and European capital city for European holidays, simply because it is one of the amazing European capitals. Rome has its history and culture.

Venice, Italy)

Italy is a magical place, including Venice, a city that should not be missed due to its beauty and charm. It has a large share of history, art, and magnificent buildings, so you cannot visit Italy without enjoying the beauty and splendor of Venice.

London (UK)

One of the great places to visit in the UK, and definitely one of the most amazing places to visit in Europe. The city is the jewel of British life, and you can enjoy loads of cafes and restaurants. There is also a natural history museum.

Paris France)

One of the most visited places in Europe, Paris has a lot to offer from fashion to food, and there is also the Eiffel Tower and Notre Dame. This wonderful city with its joy and distinctive style in the old buildings, this wonderful and amazing city and it has its picturesque charm.

Athens, Greece)

Athena is the capital of Greece, unforgettable smells and sights await Athena. There is a lot to see, besides enjoying eating, it is also one of the most unusual places in Europe.

Amsterdam (Netherlands)

Amsterdam is really a beautiful city. Because of its free running channels, you can explore the royal palace, plus there is a lot in this city to keep busy despite its reputation, the city is filled with amazing life.

Madrid (Spain)

Madrid is the terrible and wonderful city in Europe, which is enjoyed in beautiful restaurants. Madrid is one of the most amazing places to visit. This city contains museums of modern art, and you can enjoy the nightlife.

Tourism in Russia

Tourism in Russia

Tourist places in Russia


Tourism in Russia, Red Square in Moscow

Information about tourism in Russia, which is growing thanks to the rich cultural heritage and wonderful natural diversity. In the traveler’s guide, we review Russia’s tourist attractions and details of the most important and largest tourist cities.

Officially known as the Russian Federation, it is a republican semi-presidential country in Northern Eurasia that includes 83 federated entities.




Russia shares borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, the People’s Republic of China, Mongolia, and North Korea.

It also has a maritime border with Japan in the Sea of ​​Okhotsk and the United States via the Bering Strait.

Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering 1/8 of the world’s inhabited land area, with an area of ​​17,075,400 square kilometers (6,592,800 square miles).



Tourism in Russia
Russia extends across the whole of northern Asia and 40% of Europe, and covers nine time zones and includes a wide range of environments and terrain. It has the world’s largest reserves of mineral and energy resources and has the world’s largest reserves of forests and lakes, which contain nearly a quarter of the world’s fresh water.

Culture and history
The country’s history began with the emergence of the East Slavs as a recognized group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. In the ninth century AD, the Kievan Rus’ principality was established by the Frankish warriors, and Orthodox Christianity was adopted as a religion in 988 due to the influence of the Byzantine Empire, and that was the beginning of the blending of the Slavic and Byzantine cultures, which together formed the features of Russian culture for the next millennium.

Kievan Rus’ eventually fragmented into a number of small states, and most of the Russian lands fell into the hands of the Mongol invasion in 1223, and became subordinate to the Golden Horde. Later, the Duchy of Moscow gradually began to unify its neighboring emirates and succeeded in independence from the rule of the Golden Horde, and was able to inherit the political and cultural legacy of Kievan Rus.By the eighteenth century, the country expanded greatly through invasions, wars and exploration, to generate the Russian Empire, which became the third largest empire in history. Its influence extends from Poland in Europe to Alaska in North America.


At the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth century, Russian cuisine began to compete with the famous French cuisine in terms of its influence and popularity in Europe. Some authentic Russian food was included in the menus of restaurants all over the world, and perhaps the most famous one was Studien, Shi.

Tourist areas of Russia
Russian Federation, Eurasian Mosaic. It has plenty of beauty and charm, and an important historical and strategic position meets in Russia, where the most beautiful architectural artifacts reside, which attract millions of travelers every year. Learn about the most beautiful tourist cities in it

In addition to being the capital of Russia, it is also the center of culture and politics of the country with a population of about 10,562,099 people. This city is famous for its huge Soviet buildings such as the Russian National Library and parks, in addition to tourist attractions, including Red Square or Red Square, the Kremlin and the Russian Historical Mystery.

The city of Sochi is located in southern Russia and attracts a large number of tourists, as it combines beaches, picturesque nature, archaeological museums, and others. Its climate is temperate throughout the year and is famous for its spas, gardens and parks, so a must-visit is the Riviera Park, the Godlec Castle and the Temple of Lou.

It is located at the confluence of the Volga and Oka rivers and has an area of ​​more than 410 square kilometers. It is 400 km from the capital, Moscow, and has historical and architectural landmarks, and you can take a boat trip on the Volkhov River to enjoy stunning views.

Saint Petersburg
It is located northwest of Russia, formerly known as Leningrad, and is the second largest Russian city. It has a population of 5,191,690 people and combines buildings, museums and waterways, making it similar to Venice in Italy. Also, the most important performances of opera and ballet are held in it. When you travel to this city, we recommend you to visit the Hermitage Museum, which contains the most important paintings in the world, the Peter and Paul Fortress, and the Russian Museum.



This city is located at the confluence of the Volga and Kazanka rivers in European Russia and is known as the sports capital of Russia. There are many tourist attractions, including the Qul Sherif Mosque, being the capital of Chechnya and the Leaning Tower.

Tourism in Belarus

Tourism in Belarus

Tourist places in Belarus


General information about Belarus

Most of the population of Belarus resides in the urban areas surrounding Minsk and other capital cities (regions) forming the country. More than 80% of the population is Belarusian, with significant minorities of Russians, Poles and Ukrainians. Since a referendum was held in 1995, the two official languages ​​of the country have become Belarusian and Russian.


The Constitution of Belarus does not declare the official religion even though the main religion in the country is Russian Orthodox Christianity. The second faith is Catholic Christianity, with a much smaller number of followers, but both Easter and Christmas are officially observed and considered public holidays.

Culture and history

Belarusian literature began with religious writings between the eleventh and thirteenth centuries, represented by Cyril’s Toravian poetry from the twelfth century. By the 16th century, Polotsk resident Francesk Skaryna translated the Bible into Belarusian. It was published in Prague and Vilnius between 1517 and 1525, making it the first book printed in Belarus or anywhere in Eastern Europe. The modern stage of Belarusian literature began in the late nineteenth century. One of the most important ones is Yanka Kupala. Several prominent Belarusian writers of the time, such as Oladzimir Zelka, Kazimir Svayak, Jakob Kolas, Jmitrok Piadula and Maxim Haritsky wrote for a Belarusian-language newspaper called Nasha Niva, published in Vilnius.


After Belarus was incorporated into the Soviet Union, the Soviet government took control of the republic’s cultural affairs. The free development of literature only in the territories fell under Polish control until the Soviets took control of it in 1939. Many poets and writers were exiled after the Nazi occupation of Belarus, and did not return until the 1960s. The last attempts to revive the past of Belarusian literature appeared in the 1960s through the novels of Vasil Bekav and Oladzimir Karatievich.



Tourist areas in Belarus
Mir Castle complex (Mirsky Zamuk)

The Mir Castle complex (Mirsky Zamuk) is an outstanding example of fortification art dating back to the 16th century. It is located in the town of Mir in the Grodno region of Belarus. The construction of this Gothic-style castle in Belarus began in 1520 by Duke Ilyench. Mykolai Radziwela Palace was built with three floors along the eastern and northern walls of the fortress which has forty rooms. The walls were built surrounded by a moat. And an artificial lake was created in the south.



The capital of Belarus, it is a modern city dominated by monumental Stalinist architecture. Many of its museums, theaters, and other cultural attractions are located on Istiklal Street, this famous square is located in close proximity to the huge KGB headquarters and the Church of the New Roman Saints Simon and Helena, also known as the Red Church.
Close to Independence Square is the Museum of the Great Patriotic War, which commemorates the nation’s role in WWII, and the National Museum of Art, which displays hundreds of local artworks.


It is a city in western Belarus, near the Polish and Lithuanian borders. On the banks of the Neman River, the city is characterized by its greenness and also contains the old castle, which was considered a palace of the Renaissance, which dates back to the eleventh century. Nearby, a new village was built in the 18th century as a royal residence. There is also another tourist attraction in the city, which is the steadfast Kloza church from the twelfth century, which is decorated with polished stones and terracotta tiles.

Tourism in Bulgaria

Tourism in Bulgaria


Tourist places in Bulgaria

General information about Bulgaria



A country located in southeastern Europe bordering the Black Sea on its western side. It is bordered by Romania to the north, Turkey and Greece to the south, and the Republic of Serbia and Montenegro and the Republic of Macedonia to the west. With an area of ​​110,994 square meters.

Bulgaria occupies part of the eastern Balkan peninsula, bordering five countries, Greece and Turkey to the south, Macedonia and Serbia to the west, and Romania to the north.

The land border has a total length of 1,808 km (1,123 mi), and the coast is 354 km (220 mi). It has a total area of ​​110,994 square kilometers (42,855 square miles), ranked it as the 105th world – the abyss of the country. The geographical coordinates of Bulgaria are 43 ° N 25 ° E. [9]

The most notable topographical features are the Danube Plain and the Balkan Mountains, the Thracian Plain, and the Rhodope Mountains. On the southern edge of the Danube Plain slopes up to the foothills of the Balkan Mountains, while the Danube delineates the border with Romania. The Thracian Plain is almost triangular, starting from southeast Sofia and extending its reach to the Black Sea coast.




Culture and history

Traditional Bulgarian culture contains mainly Thracian, Slavic and Bulgarian heritage, along with Greek, Roman, Ottoman, Persian and Celtic a.

Bulgarian folk dances and musicians in traditional dress.
Bulgarian folk music is by far the most comprehensive traditional art, and it has developed slowly over the ages as a mixture of eastern and western influences. It contains the Far Eastern, Eastern, Medieval, Eastern Orthodox, standard, tonal, and Western European modes. The music has a distinctive sound and it uses a wide range of traditional instruments, such as a table, a ghida (bagpipe), a lock and a wan. One of the most distinctive features of stretching time is balanced, which has no parallel in the rest of European music. He won a Grammy Award in 1990. The written music composition in Bulgaria can be traced back to the early Middle Ages and the works of Ya Kokuzel (c. 1280-1360). . Bulgarian performances have gained popularity in many other genres such as progressive rock (FSB), electropop (Mira Arroyo) and jazz (Maalach Yifiv).



It is the capital of the Balkan state in Bulgaria. It is located in the west of the country, under Vitosha Mountain. The city’s landmarks reflect more than 2,000 years of history, including the Greek, Roman, Ottoman and Soviet occupations. The Medieval Boyana Church has frescoes from the 13th century. The Church of St. George Rotunda by the Romans in the 4th century, features medieval décor and a estate dating back to the 10th century.


The Alexander Nevsky Cathedral in Sofia, with its bulbous dome and considered a national symbol, commemorates the Russian soldiers who were killed during the Russo-Turkish War in the 19th century. The floor of Saint Sophia’s Church was covered in early Christian mosaics. National Archaeological Museum (former mosque) houses a Thracian burial mask. The 19th-century Vrana Palace now houses museums of fine arts and ethnology. The huge 20th-century National Palace of Culture also organizes annual concerts and film festival. On Vitosha Mountain, Vitosha Nature Park is popular for hiking, mountain biking, summer stays in cottages and chalets, and skiing in the winter.


It is an ancient city built around 7 hills, in southern Bulgaria. The regional archeology museum chronicles the history of the city, with exhibits including mosaic panels, pottery lamps, and early coins. The ancient theater in Phillips in the Roman era, in which about 6000 people sat, welcomes operas and concerts. A 3D movie in the old Emperor Hadrian’s stadium recreates Plovdiv in the 2nd century AD.
The old town includes buildings dating back to the 19th century, built in a distinctive style, with symmetrical designs and luxurious facades. Among them, the contemporary Balabanov House shows Bulgarian Art Nouveau contemporary. The Georgiadi House contains the Bulgarian National Revival Museum. The Regional Ethnographic Museum, with exhibits ranging from musical instruments and instruments, is occupied by Kuyumdzhiouglu House. Frescoes adorn the interior of the nine-domed mosque of Djumaya, which was rebuilt in the 15th century. Lake with Singing Fountains, which is the center of Tsar Simeon Park, features fountain shows with light and music effects.



It is a coastal city and seaside resort in the Black Sea in Bulgaria, next to the coastal resorts of Golden Sands, Saint Constantine and Albena. This city is famous for its “Varna gold,” a 6000-year-old Thracian jewelry discovered in a tomb, displayed inside the Archaeological Museum, along with Greek, Roman and Ottoman antiquities. There is a walkway facing the waterfront on the front end of the 19th-century village of Primorski Park.


Attractions at Primorski Park include Municipal Beach, Varna Aquarium, and performances at the Festa Dolphinarium. The nearby Maritime Museum contains the warship Drazky, famous for blowing up a Turkish cruiser in 1912. The central square is centered in Nezavisimost, in Varna’s historic district, and features Baroque, Art Deco and Neoclassical buildings as well as the Dormition of Theotokos, a Bulgarian Orthodox cathedral. A shrine with gilded copper domes, icons donated by Nicholas II of Russia. Varna Historical Museum also focuses ar



The historical development of the city, near the ruins of the Roman baths in the fourth century.

It is a mountain range in southwestern Bulgaria and the highest mountain range in Bulgaria and the Balkans, with its highest peak being Musala at an altitude of 2,925 meters. It is also the sixth highest mountain in Europe, after the Caucasus, the Alps, the Sierra Nevada, the Pyrenees and Mount Etna. More than a third of the mountain is occupied by Rila National Park, and the rest is located within the Rila Monaster Nature Park. The mountain is believed to have been named after the river of the same name, which comes from the old Bulgarian verb “рыти” which means “grub”. Rila is abundant in glacial lakes and hot springs in fault areas at the base of the mountain. Some of the longest and deepest rivers in the Balkans originate from Rila, including the Maritsa, Iscar and Mesta. Culturally, Rila is famous for the Rila Monastery, the largest and most important monastery in Bulgaria, which was founded by Saint John of Rila in the 10th century. Besides cultural attractions, the mountain is also famous for the Seven Rila Lakes.

Tourism in Switzerland

Tourism in Switzerland

Tourist places in Switzerland


Information about tourism in Switzerland


Learn about the most prominent tourist attractions in Switzerland, and its tourist sites and attractions that travelers visit when they travel to Switzerland. Tourist guide and report in detail.

Switzerland is a landlocked country spanning an area of ​​41,285 km2 (15,940 sq mi) divided geographically between the Alps and the Swiss Plateau.

While the Alps occupy the largest part of the land, Switzerland has a population of nearly 8 million people and most of them live on the plateau, as the largest cities are located there. Among them are the most important global cities and economic centers of Zurich and Geneva. Switzerland is located in the west of the continent of Europe, where it is bordered by Germany to the north, France to the west, Italy to the south, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east.




Switzerland has four main regions in terms of language and culture: German, French, Italian and Romansh. Switzerland is located in the heart of the European continent and is surrounded by five countries, which are Germany to the north, Italy to the south, Austria and the Principality of Liechtenstein to the east, and France to the west. It has no sea ports and an area of ​​about 41,300 square kilometers.

Culture and history
As we said earlier, Switzerland is a landlocked country, but it has many beautiful landscapes and wonderful mountains and is considered a small country in Europe compared to the rest of the countries in Europe.



Switzerland is a great place for chocolate lovers, where the finest types of Swiss chocolate are made, and they can enjoy a quiet and romantic vacation in the attractive city of Switzerland.

As for the Swiss people, they are considered among the most prestigious people in the world and master many languages ​​due to the geographical location of their country.
It is considered a quiet people, as it is a people who love to learn languages, and there is also the most calm and romantic place in Switzerland, as is the case of the Swiss people.



Switzerland is also characterized by picturesque forests in the Alps, green pastures, bold architecture and wonderful modern art, and there are many beautiful places that are a strong factor in attracting tourists to this country.

Switzerland is home to the Red Cross and is home to a large number of international organizations, including the second largest United Nations office.



Tourist areas in Switzerland
Patek Philippe Museum:
The museum is a symbol of the beauty of Switzerland and its wonderful past, especially matters related to time, since the Swiss people are very interested in the wonderful Swiss watches, and it explains what they are going through in the field of industry and its development, and there are two halls in this museum, one containing some old watches, and the other on the amazing designs of the creator Patik Flip .



– Natural History Museum:
In it, it displays the beautiful nature in its various forms of natural Switzerland since ancient times, it tells the stories of animals, plants and insects that appeared and developed in this region through the presentation of films explaining them, and there are images of statues of animals and plants with three-dimensional accuracy in order to appear as natural and what is distinguished by this museum is a display Two-headed animal models for visitors.

Swiss National Museum:
This museum includes three types of important antiquities around the world, and they are:
A – The Swiss National Museum.
B – the Swiss castle.
C – Swiss History Forum.

Zurich Opera House:
The first opera house in Europe with distinctive electrical lighting was built in the style of Neubarok near the green spaces on the shore of the charming Lake Zurich, which makes visiting the place its own charm and spending the most beautiful romantic times in it.

Zurich Zoo:
As for the most famous and important parks in Europe, it is the Zurich Zoo and the importance of these gardens is that they provide living places, characteristic of nature for many rare animals, in which there are all kinds of animals, while the visitor passes through them, as if they reach tropical forests and snowy mountains, and visitors to this place can see wild bears. It is rare where they worked to allocate an environment suitable for his life as if he was in his original homeland, where he searches for his meals in the mountains and other very exciting scenes in a very useful and exciting experience.

FIFA Museum | FIFA World Football Museum
It is a place every football lover must visit. This museum is considered one of the most attractive museums around the world for tourists. Each piece in the museum tells a part of the history of football since the nineteenth century, and besides the exhibits, the museum contains many recreational activities for its great visitors. And kids, like the videogame center and digital simulation.

Grouse Munster Church | Grossmünster
It is a historic church built 8 centuries ago in the year 1110 after the order of King Charlemagne, and was built on the banks of the Limmat River, and the church contains many places worth visiting, such as the high tops of the towers and the wonderful and colorful glass windows, as well as the basements and tunnels that were used from Roman party.

Tourism in Germany

Tourism in Germany

Tourist places in Germany



Information about tourism in Germany


Travel guide and important information about tourism in Germany, one of the most famous tourist destinations in the world. General advice for tourists about the best tourist cities and events in this European country.

Germany (German: Deutschland) (English: Germany) is a democratic federal republic and a member of the European Union. Its full name is the Federal Republic of Germany.

Berlin is the largest city and is the capital and the seat of power in it. The political system is federal, federal, and takes a democratic, republican form. Germany is divided into sixteen 16 federal regions, each with its own sovereignty and local government.

Germany is located in central Europe, bordered on the north by: the North Sea, Denmark and the Baltic Sea, to the south by Austria, Switzerland, to the east by Poland, the Czech Republic, and to the west by: France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands.




Most of Germany enjoys a temperate climate with humid westerly winds. This climate is favored by the currents of the Atlantic Ocean, which is the northern extension of the Gulf Stream. These warmer conditions affect the regions bordering the North Sea, including the peninsula of Jutland and the protected area of ​​the Gain River, which flows into the North Sea. This is the climate in the north and northwest peripheral. Rain falling throughout the year and be heavy during the summer.

Tourism in Germany
Winters are mild and summers tend to be cool, with temperatures that can exceed 30 degrees for long periods. From the east, the climate is more continental, as the winter is very cold, while the summer is warm, and long droughts may occur. The regions of South and Central Germany are volatile regions as they change from temperate ocean to continental. And again, temperatures can exceed 30 degrees Celsius. (86 degrees Fahrenheit).



Culture and history
The German cultural scene is dense and distributed on several levels, such as the urban renaissance, literature, plastic arts and music.
Among the most famous festivals and performances:

Berlin Celebration Week
Philharmonic in Berlin,
Alma Festival Berlin (Berlinale)
Night of the Berlin museums in Berlin,
Book fair in Frankfurt,
Book fair in Leipzig
Germany has historically been known as “the land of poets and thinkers” and since 2006 it has called itself “the land of ideas.” From the very beginning, the cultural movement in Germany was shaped by popular religious and civic currents in Europe. In sum, it is difficult to define German traditions in isolation from European culture.


All arts have their place and place in Germany, from the impressionist arts to expressionism, contemporary arts and postmodern arts, in addition to, of course, the arts of old teachers. Germany plays a prominent role in the contemporary global art movement.

There are about 6,250 museums in Germany, ranging from artistic, historical, technical, architectural, literary or natural to nature. Frankfurt is characterized by the existence of a museum island on the banks of the River Main,


Tourist areas in Germany
Stuttgart, the capital of the state of Baden-Württemberg in southwestern Germany, is known as a manufacturing center for Mercedes-Benz and Porsche, and there are headquarters and auto museums. The city is filled with greenery, which wraps around its center. Popular parks include Rosensteinpark and Killesbergpark. Wilhelm Park, one of the largest zoos and botanical gardens in Europe, is located northeast of Rosentine Castle.

It also includes cultural and contemporary sites such as the Stadtbibliothek (public library) and the Kunstmuseum (museum of contemporary art), with its shops and cafes. The Altes Schloss (Old Castle) is now a museum that displays regional artifacts. The bohemian quarter of the city is filled with 14th century buildings housing shops and restaurants.



Berlin, the capital of Germany, dates back to the thirteenth century. Reminders of the city’s tumultuous twentieth century history include the Holocaust memorial and remnants of the Berlin Wall. The 18th-century Brandenburg Gate, split during the Cold War, is a symbol of reunification. The city is also famous for its art scene and modern landmarks such as the House of Music, which is roofed with gold, and built in 1963.

The Tiergarten district, near the Brandenburg Gate, has an enormous park and parliament that dates back to the 19th century. Museum Island, in the River Spree, houses the Neues Museum, with its comprehensive Egyptian collection. The Museum of Pergamon Archaeological masterpieces include Greek, Roman and Islamic works. The nightlife ranges from trendy restaurants and bars to cave techno clubs in the city’s industrial districts. Shopping includes high-end boutiques on bustling Friedrichstraße and antique stores in the bohemian Kreuzberg district.

Munich, the capital of Bavaria, is home to old buildings and many museums. The city is famous for its annual Oktoberfest and its beer halls. The central square of Marienplatz contains landmarks such as City Hall.

Other notable sites include the 12th-century St. Peter’s Church and the 15th-century Frauenkirche Cathedral, with its twin bell towers. The Neoclassical National Theater and the Rococo Theater Cuvilliés (in the luxurious Residenz Palace and museums) host performances by the Opera and the State Ballet. Highlights of the Museum Quarter include the Pinakothek Museums that display everything from Old Masters to Art Nouveau.



Frankfurt, a German city

Centrale, located on the River Main, is a major financial center home to the European Central Bank. It is the birthplace of the famous writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, whose home is now in the Goethe House Museum. Like much of the city, it was damaged during World War II and later rebuilt.

The town square houses a row of traditional half-timbered houses and the gothic Frankfurt Cathedral. Romer, a trio of homes of aristocrats in the Middle Ages, and town hall have served since the early 1400s. The Bankenviertel district is filled with tall skyscrapers. Zell, lined with department stores, is the main shopping street in the city. The Sachsenhausen district on the south side of the river is connected to the Altstadt by a footbridge. It houses the Goethe Tower and Embankment Museum, and is the site of several museums, including the Städel Fine Arts Museum and Deutsches Filmmuseum dedicated to the history of cinema.


Tourism in Sri Lanka

Tourism in Sri Lanka

Tourist places in Sri Lanka



Tourism in Sri Lanka Tourist places in Sri Lanka

Information about tourism in Sri Lanka


Discover with us the most characteristic of tourism in Sri Lanka. We offer you a tourist guide, starting from the most famous cities of Sri Lanka to the most important tourist attractions of Sri Lanka. To get acquainted with the most beautiful places and attractions in Sri Lanka before traveling




Sri Lanka is a country with a long cultural heritage that extends over three thousand years. Thanks to its strategic location at the junction of the main sea routes, the link between West Asia and Southeast Asia, it played an important role during the Silk Road period leading to World War II, as it was an important base for the Allied forces in the war against Japan.

Tourism in Sri Lanka
Its capital is Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte which is located in the eastern suburb of Colombo city. The island is famous for the production and export of tea, coffee, rubber and coconut. Sri Lanka is experiencing a gradual transition to a modern industrial economy, and its residents enjoy the highest per capita income in South Asia.

Sri Lanka is famous for its natural beauty of tropical forests, beaches, natural landscapes and its biodiversity, as well as its rich cultural heritage, which made it a world-famous tourist destination.

Culture and history
Despite the centrality of the Sinhalese / Buddhist and Tamil / Hindu components, Sri Lankan culture has, for 25 centuries, enriched with a group of other cultural tributaries, such as the Arab-Islamic culture, the cultures of the Indian peninsula, and the European culture, with its Portuguese, Dutch and British components. This cultural heritage has resulted in a cultural legacy embodied in the fields of fine arts such as music, dance, formation and architecture, in addition to an important balance in the fields of literature, theater and visual arts. Sri Lankan cultural specificity extends to other fields such as cooking and traditional medicine (Ayurveda).



Sri Lankan literature, although its writing language varies between Sinhala, Tamil and English, remains more prolific with respect to the Sinhalese component. Sri Lankan literature has a long history that extends back to twenty centuries, as the island has known the creativity of many texts at the level of Buddhist epics, poems and literary prose.

Tourist areas in Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka is famous for its sandy beaches, sunshine, tropical weather, ancient roynes and elephants, tea, cricket, and wildlife. Every month it accepts an increasing number of tourists, and Asian tourists also come to Sri Lanka to enjoy the sandy beaches and the sunshine.



Anuradhapura is one of the ancient capitals of Sri Lanka, and is well known for having preserved ruins from ancient Sri. From the 4th century BC, it was the capital of Sri Lanka until the beginning of the 11th century AD. During this period it was still one of the most permanent and permanent centers of political power and civic life in South Asia. The ancient city, Buddhists view the city as a sacred city.

Arugam Bay is located on the Indian Ocean in an area southeast of the coast of Sri Lanka. The bay is located at a stretch of 320 km east from Colombo. It is a place to enjoy the waves, relax and water sports such as diving. It is considered as a preferred option for tourists due to the low budget of visiting the place.

Beruwela is a small resort in the southwest coastal region of Sri Lanka. The name Beruwela is a derivative of the Sinhala word Beruwela. It is considered the first Muslim achievement on the island, and has been known by Arab merchants in the region since the 8th century. There are large numbers of Sri Lankan Moroccans, many of them gemstone dealers, who still live in the town.



Bundala National Park
Located fifteen kilometers to the east of Hambantota Bundala National Park is one of Sri Lanka’s leading destinations for bird watchers, nurturing an important area of ​​coastal swamps known for their abundant sea surface with birds. The park is also home to large numbers of elephants, swamps, estuaries, alligators, turtles, and other animals, as well as tigers. It stretches along the eastern coast of Hambantota.

The main attraction of the city includes the largest and greatest complex of Sri Lanka Cave Temple and Dambulla World Stadium. The city also boasts the largest collection of rose quartz in South Asia, ironwood forests, in addition to a primitive burial site near the Dambulla Temple, the cave, which is the most recent archaeological site of important historical significance found in Dambulla, which is located 3 kilometers from the cave temples .



Hikkaduwa – Coral reefs and sandy beaches
Hikkaduwa is a small town on the southern coast of Sri Lanka. Which is located in the southern region, about 20 km northwest of Galle. Hikkaduwa is known for its beaches and coral reefs. It is a tourist destination, and serves as a large beach with options for snorkeling and sun enjoyment.

Kandy is located in the middle of Sri Lanka. It is the capital of the central region and the Kandy region. It is located in the midst of the hills in the Kandy Valley that crosses the area of ​​tropical plantations, mostly tea. Kandy is one of the majority scenic cities in Sri Lanka. It is a sacred and administrative city.



Tourism in Seychelles

Tourism in Seychelles

Tourist places in Seychelles



General information about Seychelles


Seet is named after a Frenchman who was responsible for collecting taxes. Seychelles is a country in Africa that is located in the Indian Ocean made up of several islands, its capital is the city of Victoria. The Seychelles archipelago consists of about 115 islands in the Indian Ocean about 1600 km from the eastern coast of Africa, to the north-east of Madagascar, and the rest of its main islands are in between The islands are Mahe, Praslin and La Digue, which are granite rocky islands.

As for the rest of the islands, they are coral reefs, most of which sink under the surface of the water, forming some low peaks, which are not volcanic in nature like other volcanic islands. Among its neighboring countries is the island of Madagascar, and the closest country on the African mainland to Somalia is Somalia to the northwest.
The capital, Victoria, consists of the environs of the English River, St. Louis and Monte Fleury.




Culture and history

The city of “Victoria”, which is the capital of the republic, is located on the island of “Mahe”, the largest of the islands. It is the smallest capital in the world in terms of area. It is also the city and the only port of the country. The country has received great attention, which earned it a distinctive form in terms of beauty and planning.
The Seychellois people consisted of several races, and different ethnicities, when the first ship loaded with workers arrived on the island in 1770, and they were a group of French accompanied by some of the peoples of their colonies from the Africans to help them, and after they made sure of the validity of the land for some agricultural products, they brought in more workers to work in the fields. Sugar cane, coffee, cassava and other tropical plants, so these peoples settled into small and scattered villages, and after the region moved to English sovereignty, some French preferred to stay.

In an attempt by the British to increase agricultural production in those islands, they resorted to bringing in more labor. This was from the largest colonies of Britain in Asia, namely India and China, in order to add to the peoples of the island other races that raised the proportion of ethnic disparity.



Tourist areas

The Seychelles depend for their trade and national income on tourism, as they have no other resources, and Seychelles is currently witnessing a clear boom in terms of building and construction of hotels and large resorts, and it is considered a magnet for tourists because of its natural features, and its beaches are among the most beautiful beaches in the world. It is what it exposes to the tourist and its visitors.
Seychelles is called the pearl of the Indian Ocean, due to the presence of many attractions and picturesque nature, it is famous for the beaches with soft white sand, which are adorned with black granite rocks, scattered on those beaches, and a group of statues that were formed in the past.


The islands are also natural plantations for many spice trees, such as cinnamon, vanilla and nutmeg, and are considered important agricultural products in these islands.

Praslin Island
In Seychelles, which includes the most beautiful coasts and beaches around the world, such as Anse Lazio and Anse Georgette, which is considered a symbol of the island of Praslin. Praslin Island has a population of 6,500 people, it is the second largest island in the Seychelles. It is located 45 km northeast of the main island of Mahe and measures 10 km in length and 3.7 km in width. As for exploring the island by car, it takes about two hours. Tourism in Seychelles 3
Mahe Island
The island of Mahe is unique in the presence of the largest coconut fruits in the whole world, as the weight of one fruit reaches twenty kilograms, so the rare giant sea turtle lives in the waters of this island. There are a large number of mountains over Mahe Island, numbering about seventy mountains.
What distinguishes Mahe Island is that it is the largest island of the Seychelles archipelago in the Indian Ocean, and the simplicity brings its people together with the nature of his country, which still embraces the tourist throughout the year, to enjoy its beauty

La Digue Island
La Digue in Seychelles is a small island, and compared to other islands out there, it is the only accessible island for most tourists visiting Seychelles, so it is one of the favorite destinations in Seychelles.